The cello part for Brahms' Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 98 has been edited by Ronald Leonard, principal cellist of the Los Angeles Philharmonic from 1975 until 1999. Leonard's bowings, fingerings and other editorial markings have been added throughout the score.
The last of Brahms' symphonies, he completed it in 1885 and conducted the premiere of the work himself later that year in Meiningen, Germany. In contrast to the triumphant and heroic sound of the First and Third Symphonies, the Fourth gives off a feeling of uncompromising intellectual complexity and expressive implacability, possibly even tragedy. The final movement, an unusual passacaglia, ends with one of the darkest and deepest minor key cadences in symphonic music.
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Please note: Bowings have been marked throughout with fingerings for select passages.
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