Schumann Symphony No. 4 – Violin I Part
Edited by Norman Carol
Title: Symphony No. 4
Composer: Robert Schumann
Edited By: Norman Carol
The first violin part for Schumann's Symphony No. 4 in D minor, Op. 120 has been edited by Norman Carol, the legendary former concertmaster of the Philadelphia Orchestra, who held the position from 1966 to 1994. Carol's bowings, fingerings and other editorial markings have been added throughout the score.
First completed in 1841, Robert Schumann heavily revised the D minor symphony and published it as Symphony No. 4 in 1851. The Fourth Symphony is noteworthy for its experimental approach to symphonic form. Although cast in the usual four movements, the work draws on many of the same melodic ideas throughout, creating more of a "symphonic fantasy" (as Schumann originally labeled the piece) than a Classical symphony. Schumann seems to indicate that the work could, and perhaps should, be performed uninterrupted by pauses by introducing themes and tensions early in the first movement but witholding resolutions until the end of the fourth. Many people believe this reinforces the idea that the symphony stands as a single, integrated creation.
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